liturgy of the Catholic Church. The 1926 Calles Law separating church and state in Mexico led to the Cristero War 344 in which more than 3,000 priests were exiled or assassinated, 345 churches desecrated, services mocked, nuns raped, and captured priests shot. Middle Ages and Renaissance Further information: History of Christianity during the Middle Ages and Christianity in the 16th century Renaissance Church The Catholic Church was the dominant influence on Western civilisation from Late Antiquity to the dawn of the modern age. 72 As of 2016, there are 221,700 parishes worldwide. MacMullen, Ramsay (1984 Christianizing the Roman Empire: (A.D. Retrieved "Catechism of the Catholic Church IntraText CCC 1310". University of California Press. 235237 a b Vidmar, The Catholic Church Through the Ages (2005. 35 The office of the pope is known as the papacy. After all, if the papacy exists, it was established by Christ during his lifetime, long before Peter is said to have reached Rome.
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University of Chicago Press. With regard to divorce in the United States, according to the Barna Group, among all who have been married, 33 have been divorced at least once; among American Catholics, 28 (the study did not track religious annulments). 327 Meanwhile, Henry viii petitioned the pope for a declaration of nullity concerning his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. 53 The distinct 1990 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches ( cceo, after the Latin initials) applies to the autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches. 362 Although some priests and religious people collaborated with Communist regimes, 363 many others were imprisoned, deported, or executed. 237 Contraception and certain other sexual practices are not permitted, although natural family planning methods are permitted to provide healthy spacing between births, or to postpone children for a just reason.
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In 380 the Edict of Thessalonica made Nicene Christianity the state church of the Roman Empire, a position that within the diminishing territory of the Byzantine Empire would persist until the empire itself ended in the fall of Constantinople. A b Kreeft,. Retrieved 21 November 2014. Our Sunday Visitor Publishing. Brown, 101 Questions and Answers on the Bible (Paulist Press 2003 isbn. 383 From the late 20th century, the Catholic Church has been criticised for its doctrines on sexuality, its refusal to ordain women, and its handling of sexual abuse cases. "Vocations Online Internet Directory of Women's Religious Communities".